EC Power with Energy Solutions

See below for a collection of  journal publications, conference presentations, and government reports involving EC Power's innovative work in advancing energy storage technologies.


Publications by AutoLion™ Users

Vora, A., Jin, X., Hoshing, V., Guo, X., Shaver, G., Tyner, W., Holloway, E., Varigonda, S. and Kupe, J. (2015). "Simulation Framework for the Optimization of HEV Design Parameters: Incorporating Battery Degradation in a Lifecycle Economic Analysis," 4th IFAC Workshop on Engine and Powertrain Control, Simulation and Modeling E-COSM 2015, Columbus, Ohio, USA, August 23-26, 2015. (Link)

Hasan, M.F., Chen, C.F., Shaffer, C.E. and Mukherjee, P.P. (2015). "Analysis of the Implications of Rapid Charging on Lithium-Ion Battery Performance," Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 162(7), A1382-A1395. (Abstract)

Cheng, M., Feng, L. and Chen, B. (2015). "Simulation of Lithium Ion HEV Battery Aging Using Electrochemical Battery Model under Different Ambient Temperature Conditions," SAE Technical Paper, 2015-01-1198, 2015, doi: 10.4271/2015-01-1198. (Abstract)

Tanim, T., Rahn, C. and Wang, C.Y. (2015). "State of Charge Estimation of a Lithium Ion Cell Based on a Temperature Dependent and Electrolyte Enhanced Single Particle Model," Energy, 80, 731-739(Link)

Tanim, T., Rahn, C. and Wang, C.Y. (2015). "A Temperature Dependent, Single Particle, Lithium Ion Cell Model Including Electrolyte Diffusion," Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control, 137, 011005-1-011005-11. (Link)

 Tanim, T., Rahn, C. and Wang, C.Y. (2014). "A Reduced Order Electrolyte Enhanced Single Particle Lithium Ion Cell Model for Hybrid Vehicle Applications," American Control Conference. (Link)

Hubble, D., Powell, B., Bhatia, D., Calzada, R., Ellington, J., Smitherman, W., Compas, R., Kudlaty, N. and Nguyen, H. (2013). "Analysis of Thermo-Mechano-Electrochemical Behavior in Lithium-Ion Batteries," AggiE Challenge, University of Texas A&M, Fall 2013. (Link) 


EC Power Journal Publications

Wang, Q., Shaffer, C.E. and Sinha, P.K. (2015). "Controlling factors of cell design on large-format Li-ion battery safety during nail penetration," Front. Energy Res., 3:35(Link)

Zhao, W., Luo, G. and Wang, C.Y. (2015). "Modeling Internal Shorting Process in Large-Format Li-Ion Cells," Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 162(7), A1352-A1364. (Abstract)

Zhao, W., Luo, G. and Wang, C.Y. (2015). "Modeling Nail Penetration Process in Large-Format Li-Ion Cells," Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 162(1), A207-A217. (Abstract)

Zhang, G., Cao, L., Ge, S., Wang, C.Y., Shaffer, C.E. and Rahn, C.D. (2014). "In Situ Measurement of Radial Temperature Distributions in Cylindrical Li-Ion Cells,"  Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 161(10), A1499-A1507. (Abstract)

Zhao, W., Luo, G. and Wang, C.Y. (2014). "Effect of Tab Design on Large-Format Li-Ion Cell Performance," Journal of Power Sources, 257, 70-79. (Abstract)

Zhang, G., Shaffer, C., Wang, C.Y. and Rahn, C.D. (2013).  "Effects of Non-Uniform Current Distribution on Energy Density of Li-Ion Cells," Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 160(11), A2299-A2305. (Abstract)

Ji, Y. and Wang, C.Y. (2013). "Heating Strategies for Li-Ion Batteries Operated from Subzero Temperatures," Electrochimica Acta, 107, 664-674. (Abstract)

Zhang, G., Shaffer, C. E., Wang, C. Y. and Rahn, C. D. (2013).  "In-Situ Measurement of Current Distribution in a Li-Ion Cell,"Journal of the Electrochemical Society160(4), A610-A615. (Abstract)

Ji, Y., Zhang, Y. and Wang, C.Y. (2013). "Li-Ion Operation at Low Temperatures,"  Journal of the Electrochemical Society160(4), A636-A649. (Abstract)

Luo, G. and Wang, C.Y. (2012). "A Multi-Dimensional, Electrochemical-Thermal Coupled Li-Ion Battery Model," Lithium-Ion Batteries: Advanced Materials and Technologies (Chapter 6). CRC Press.(Abstract)

Kou, R., et al. (2011) "Stabilization of Electrocatalytic Metal Nanoparticles at Metal-Metal Oxide-Graphene Triple Junction Points,"  Journal of the American Chemical Society. 133, 2541-2547. (Full Text)


EC Power Conference Presentations

Sinha, P., "Decoding Battery Explosions: New Opportunities for Safe Li-ion Battery Development," Battery Safety Conference 2015, Baltimore, MD, November 17-19, 2015. (Link)

Kalupson, J., Sinha, P., Shaffer, C. and Wang, C.Y., "Effects of Li-Ion Battery Pack Thermal Management on Performance and Life," 225th ECS Meeting, Abstract# 145, Orlando, FL, USA, May 11-15, 2014. (Abstract)

Kalupson, J., Wang, Q., Zhao, W., Sinha, P., Shaffer, C. and Wang, C.Y., "Cell- and Pack-Level Simulation of Large-Format Li-Ion Battery Safety Events," 225th ECS Meeting, Abstract# 160, Orlando, FL, USA, May 11-15, 2014. (Abstract)

Zhang, G.S., Cao, L., Ge, S., Wang, C.Y., Shaffer, C.E. and Rahn, C.D., "In-Situ Measurement of Li-Ion Battery Internal Temperature," 224th ECS Meeting, Abstract# 538, San Francisco, CA, USA, October 27-November 1, 2013. (Abstract)

Kalupson, J., Luo, G. and Shaffer, C.,  "AutoLion™: A Thermally Coupled Simulation Tool for Automotive Li-Ion Batteries," SAE Technical Paper 2013-01-1522, 2013, doi: 10.4271/2013-01-1522. SAE International World Congress and Exhibition, April 16, 2013, Detroit, MI (Abstract)

Shaffer, C.E., Wang, C.Y., Luo, G. and Zhao, W.,  “Safety Analysis Design of Lithium-Ion Battery EV Pack through Computer Simulation,”  Battery Safety 2012, Knowledge Foundation Conference, December 6-7, 2012, Las Vegas, NV (Link)

Yang, Xiao Guang , Miller, Ted and Yu, Paul, Ford Motor Company,  "Li-Ion Electrochemical Model,"  2012 Automotive Simulation World Congress, October 30-31, 2012, Detroit, MI (Link)

Shaffer, C.E. and Wang, C.Y.,  "Thermal Management for Start-Up of Li-Ion Batteries,"  222nd Meeting of The Electrochemical Society (PRiME 2012), Honolulu, HI, October 7-12, 2012. (Abstract)

Luo, Gang, Shaffer,  C.E. and Wang C.Y.,  "Electrochemical-Thermal Coupled Modeling for Battery Pack Design," 222nd Meeting of The Electrochemical Society (PRiME 2012), Honolulu, HI, October 7-12, 2012. (Abstract)

Zhao,W., Wang C.Y., Luo, G. and Shaffer, C.E.,  “New Findings on Large Li-Ion Battery Safety through Computer Simulation,”  Battery Safety 2011, Las Vegas, NV, November 9-10, 2011. (Link)


Other Links:

The Department of Energy's Computer-Aided Engineering for Electric-Drive Vehicle Batteries (CAEBAT) project brings together leading energy storage researchers, battery developers, automakers, and other industry partners to create design tools that will lower the cost and optimize the performance of electric vehicle batteries. To learn more about CAEBAT, visit the official project website.

2012 US DRIVE Highlights of Technical Accomplishments, page 25, "AutoLion™:  A Thermally Coupled Lithium-Ion Battery Model." (Link)

Comprehensive Department of Energy 2012 Annual Merit Report for Energy Storage Technologies.  Shaffer, C. E., "Development of Cell/Pack Level Models for Automotive Li-Ion Batteries with Experimental Validation",  See pgs. 2-3 and 2-102  (Link).

Shaffer, C.E., "Development of Cell/Pack Level Models for Automotive Li-Ion Batteries with Experimental Validation," "Department of Energy Annual Merit Review & Peer Evaluation Meeting, Crystal Gateway Marriott Hotel, Arlington, VA, May, 15, 2012. (Link)

EC Power Featured in NHTSA Presentation by U.S. Department of Energy (Link)